How does clomiphene work?

Clomiphene (otherwise known as clomid) is a tablet that is given to help you ovulate (produce eggs). It works by blocking the effect of oestrogen on the pituitary gland, duping it into secreting more hormones that target the ovary, in turn stimulating the production and subsequent release of eggs (this is called ovulation). It is effective in promoting ovulation in certain situations where ovulation may not occur regularly, for example in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). It is taken at the start of your cycle, but usually given in low dose to start off with as it can cause multiple pregnancy and rarely lead the ovaries to swell with many developing follicles containing eggs-a condition called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). It can also cause visual disturbances and other minor side effect.
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