Can cytomegalovirus (CMV) be diagnosed by special tests?

Yes, if you have a glandular-fever (mononucleosis) type infection in pregnancy, a blood test may show up whether you are immune to CMV (and therefore cannot, by definition, develop a 'primary' infection), whether you are not immune but have not developed CMV, or whether you are not immune and may have developed CMV in pregnancy. These tests are based on detecting specific antibodies in your bloodstream, and/or detecting the virus in your blood using a technique called PCR. If you have had a recent infection, then there is a fair risk of passing the infection on to your baby. You should be referred to a Fetal-Maternal expert who will perform an ultrasound and/or amniocentesis to determine whether the baby is infected. But remember: infected does not necessarily mean baby is affected.
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